Posted in 19th-Century Eclectic Architecture in America on June 17, 2009 by Emilee Mathews
Ernest Flagg, Scribner Building 597 5th Ave., New York, New York, 1912-1913.

Ernest Flagg, Scribner Building 597 5th Ave., New York, New York, 1912-1913.|search|1|ernest20flagg|Multiple20Collection20Search|||type3D3126kw3Dernest20flagg26id3Dall26name3D (Accessed June 17, 2009)


               The movement of Eclecticism, by its very name, escapes definition and therefore adequate scholarly treatment and classification from libraries.  As an important and long-lasting movement most prevalent in nineteenth-century American building practices, it deserves more thorough treatment.  There are several different types of difficulties inherent in this inquiry.  First is the term coined to describe the movement, which is by no means exclusive to any particular time period or geographical location.  Secondly, the very plethora of styles described by the umbrella term of Eclecticism creates a variety of alternate search terms that also need to be addressed in a systematic guide to the subject.   Some of the many different stylistic headings that cross reference with Eclecticism are as follows: Romantic, Revivalism, Victorian, American Renaissance, Gothic, Historicism, Queen Anne, Shingle, Stick, vernacular, Second Empire, Colonial, Romanesque, Rundbogenstil, Renaissance, Italianate, carpenter Gothic, exoticism, beaux-arts, academic Eclecticism, Chateauesque, Tudor Revival, Arts and Crafts. 

            Architectural history as a discipline is often unclear as to whether a given source refers to architectural practice in general or uses a historical approach.  The approaches to architectural history in and of itself can be divisive and confusing for the neophyte as well.  Specific types of studies usually fall under genres such as biographical studies, or limiting to a single architect, regional, or limited to a place and its local architecture, or building type.  This is not to mention the divisions between architecture, and interior design, and other kinds of decorative and applied arts, which are often linked to the production of a commissioned building.  For these reasons, I think it is pertinent to create a subject guide devoted to treating Eclecticism in architectural historiography.  Eclecticism is also somewhat neglected as a viable topic to study, resulting from the contempt Modernist architects regarded it with, and still hasn’t recovered from its historical stigma.  As a result, less attention has been paid to compiling reference sources than other more popular movements.

                The pathfinder will be limited to the resources and holdings of the Fine Arts library of Indiana University.  A variety of sources will be discussed, including encyclopedias, dictionaries, style guides, as well as electronic databases and websites.   Printed matter plays an important role in this genre, and will receive an extensive discussion.  The guide will be limited geographically to American topics, as well as temporally, with a nineteenth- and early twentieth-century focus.  As a result of its American subject matter, English language sources will be most prevalently discussed.  The intended audience for this pathfinder is art historians, architectural historians, and architecture students, who aren’t familiar with the idiosyncrasy of Eclecticism as an object of scholarly study.  It will be most helpful to an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level student.  Although introductory in intent, the pathfinder will also provide a deep source of materials to better understand the field and its strengths and limitations.



Posted in Subject Headings and Browsing Areas on June 17, 2009 by Emilee Mathews


These subject headings should give a useful starting point to finding one’s way around the architectural history subject areas.

Architecture–United States–History.

Eclecticism in architecture–United States.

Beaux-Arts architecture

Beaux-Arts design

Architecture–United States–History–19th century 

Architecture, Queen Anne

Queen Anne style (Architecture)

Architecture, Modern–19th century

Architecture, Victorian

Architecture, Domestic–United States.

Gothic revival (Architecture)

Vernacular architecture–United States–19th century.


NA—architecture in general

-NA190-1555.5 History

–NA645 Victorian architecture

–NA700-710 American architecture

-NA7100-7884 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings


Posted in Bibliographies on June 17, 2009 by Emilee Mathews


This section is unfortunately less than complete, given that little has been written on 19th-century Eclectic architecture in America.  It is recommended to use the bibliographies provided in the encyclopedias and books to follow.  The articles which are found in the indexes to follow should give more up-to-date materials as well.

Kidney, Walter C.  The architecture of choice: Eclecticism in America, 1880-1930 New York, G. Braziller, 1974. [NA710.5 .E25 K46 FAL]

There is only one scholarly book written exclusively on the subject under discussion, and unfortunately not only is it out of date but also has only notes, not a bibliography.  That being said, it is a very useful resource for the enquiry at hand, and the notes are rife with resources.

McKim, Mead & White, New York: Pennsylvania station Gen. view facade.  1906-10.

McKim, Mead & White, New York: Pennsylvania station Gen. view facade. 1906-10.|search|5|2020mckim20mead20white20and20station205BMultiple20search20criteria20specified5D|Advanced20Search|||type3D3526kw3Dmckim20mead20white7Call23and2Cstation7Call26geoIds3D35303030313026clsIds3D34303130303026id3Dall26bDate3D26eDate3D26dExact3D30 (Accessed June 17, 2009)


Posted in Biographies on June 17, 2009 by Emilee Mathews
Louis Sullivan, Farmers and Merchants Union Bank, Columbus, Wisconsin.  1919.

Louis Sullivan, Farmers and Merchants Union Bank, Columbus, Wisconsin. 1919.|search|1|louis20sullivan|Multiple20Collection20Search|||type3D3126kw3Dlouis20sullivan26id3Dall26name3D (Accessed June 17, 2009)


Many important works in the field are monographs on individual architects.  Here are a list of architects who contributed buildings that fall under the aegis of Eclectism.

Cutter, Kirtland Kelsey, 1860-1939

Eidlitz, Leopold, 1823-1908.

Furness, Frank, 1839-1912.

Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934.

Hunt, Richard Morris, 1828-1895

McKim, Mead & White. (architectural firm)

Post, George Browne, 1837-1913

Richardson, H. H. (Henry Hobson), 1838-1886

Sullivan, Louis H., 1856-1924


Posted in Dictionaries and Encyclopedias on June 17, 2009 by Emilee Mathews
Cass Gilbert, Woolworth Building, 233 Broadway, New York, New York.  1911-1913.

Cass Gilbert, Woolworth Building, 233 Broadway, New York, New York. 1911-1913.|search|1|cass20gilbert|Multiple20Collection20Search|||type3D3126kw3Dcass20gilbert26id3Dall26name3D (Accessed June 17, 2009)


These resources will help you get started on the topic, by providing general information on movements, historical context, representative buildings, and important architects.  Look carefully for an enclosed bibliography, as this will be key to understanding the field of scholarship.

Blumenson, John J. G. Identifying American Architecture: A Pictorial Guide to Styles and Terms, 1600-1945. New York: W.W. Norton, 1981. [NA705 .B55 1981 FAL]

The first part covers the whole litany of styles associated with Eclecticism and then some, with each style getting a paragraph of gloss and between one to four representative buildings, with distinctive features labeled.  The second part provides a glossary of terms.  An interesting reference work for the student of American architecture, and a valuable source for identifying features and typifying individual buildings within genres.

Calloway, Stephen, Elizabeth C. Cromley, and Alan Powers. The Elements of Style: An Encyclopedia of Domestic Architectural Detail. Buffalo, N.Y.: Firefly Books, 2005. [NA2850 .E445 2005  WELLS REF]

 Breaks down various types of styles, each section written by an expert.  Eclecticism is not mentioned as a category, instead we must look at American Victorian and American Beaux Arts.  Each style chapter has an introduction, and gives both photographs of extant buildings and line drawings of typical designs.  Good resource for both textual explanation and illustrative examples.

Carley, Rachel. The Visual Dictionary of American Domestic Architecture. A Henry Holt reference book. New York: Henry Holt and Co, 1994. [NA7205 .C27 1994  FAL and WELLS REF]

Organized by general movement, this book gives line drawings of typical buildings, labeled with pertinent terms.  It breaks down Victorian styles into smaller subgroups.  Very useful for figuring out what part of a building is from what set of historical vocabulary.  However, Eclecticism is not mentioned, and the important chapters of our study are divided somewhat arbitrarily into Victorian era and Revival styles.

Cole, Emily. The Grammar of Architecture. Boston: Bulfinch Press, 2002. [NA200 .G75 2002 FAL]

Organized into broad swathes, each one is described and illustrated together with broad concepts and ideas, as well as styles and motifs linked with the movement in general.  It also features a glossary of building terms organized by type of element, together with illustrations.

Cunliffe, Sarah, and Jean Loussier. Architecture Styles Spotter’s Guide: Classical Temples to Soaring Skyscrapers. San Diego, Calif: Thunder Bay Press, 2006. [NA204 .T39 2006 FAL]

Gibberd, Vernon. Architecture Source Book. Secaucus, N.J.: Wellfleet, 1988. [NA200.G53 1988 FAL]

Treating the entirety of Western architecture, our topic falls under Chapter 5, “The Industrial Society.”  The chapter features various styles typified by structural program, with a multitude of images and some gloss.

Gowans, Alan. Styles and Types of North American Architecture: Social Function and Cultural Expression. New York, N.Y.: Icon Editions, 1991. [NA703 .G69 1992  FAL and WELLS FOLKLORE COLLECTION]

Although this reference work does not list anything under the title Eclecticism, it does address many issues of nineteenth-century architecture in an informative and dynamic way.  It is liberally illustrated throughout, and gives an index of predominant styles with their substyles listed underneath as an appendix, a useful organizing tool.

Harris, John, and Jill Lever. Illustrated Glossary of Architecture, 850-1830. New York: C.N. Potter, 1966. [NA31 .H314  FAL]

Eclecticism is not referred to by name, however it is a good guide for technical terms in general, and provides illustrations of historic buildings with proper terms labeled, to clarify for the reader/viewer what term applies to what part of the building.  Good for look at historical styles, and helps with how to describe certain buildings.

Melvin, Jeremy. …Isms: Understanding Architecture. London: Herbert Press, 2005. [NA200.M45 2005 FAL]

Gives a nontraditional yet highly descriptive rundown of architectural movements.  Each entry features a brief summary of the movement’s main ideas, main architects, related terms, a longer synopsis, and representative buildings with one or more illustrations, with see-also suggestions for related movements.

Myers, Bernard Samuel. Encyclopedia of World Art. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959. 17 vols. [N31 .E564 WELLS REF]

This encyclopedia had a multipage article on Eclecticism, which was a good introduction to the topic and its treatment.  The tone of the article is sympathetic, and seeks to give a historiographical context to the topic.  The article was signed by a scholar on the topic, and also gave see also directions and illustrations.  The encyclopedic set included an extensive index, which enables cross-referencing without having to crack open each volume, and also a list of articles in each volume.  The scholarship and bibliography are a little out of date, however.

Norwich, John Julius. Great Architecture of the World. New York: Bonanza Books, 1981.  [NA200.G76 1981. FAL]

An excellent general introduction the nineteenth century as a whole, with historical context and its implications on architecture.  It lays out broad movements of the nineteenth century, with Eclecticism as a main force.  It gives photographs and illustrations of representative buildings.  Not so good for terms.

 Packard, Robert T., and Balthazar Korab.  Encyclopedia of American Architecture, 2nd ed. New York : McGraw-Hill, 1995. [NA705 .P3 1995 WELLS REF]

This encyclopedia has an extensive article on Eclecticism, giving major architects, literary works that influenced the movement, typical buildings with illustrations, and historical context.  The list of cross-referenced articles was impressive, and the bibliography refered the reader to the article on history of architecture.  A great starting point.

Pevsner, Nikolaus. A History of Building Types. A. W. Mellon lectures in the fine arts, 19. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1976.  [NA4170.P48 FAL]

This book’s structure is distinct for its reliance on building type to organize the information.  Although not chronologically, geographically, or stylistically organized like our original inquiry, it is useful for understanding the standard types and basic structure of a building’s use.  Would be useful for research on a particular building, to better understand its individual response to the parameters set by its intended usage.

Placzek, Adolf K. Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects. New York: Free Press, 1982. 4 vols.  [NA40 .M25 1982 FAL and WELLS REF]

An extensive encyclopedia of architects organized alphabetically; each entry offers a biography and works section written by one of the scholars in the field, list of works with date if known and location, an illustration of a building, and select bibliography.  This encyclopedia is good for nineteenth-century architects.

Poppeliers, John C., and S. Allen Chambers. What Style Is It?: A Guide to American Architecture. New York: John Wiley, 2003.  [NA705.P6 2003 FAL]

Extensively illustrated with photographs, it covers all the different styles that Eclecticism falls under, with summaries, illustrations, and examples.  Good for understanding the evolution and types of styles seen within America itself, without going to Europe for stylistic explanation.

Rifkind, Carole. A Field Guide to American Architecture. New York: New American Library, 1980.  [NA705.R531980b FAL]

This work is not intended for scholarly use necessarily, but does give an interesting and valuable approach to looking at architecture.  Divided by broad eras, it gives an overview, including smaller sections on materials, plan, and elevation, line drawings of elevations and floor plans of representative buildings, as well as a few photographs.  Good  for the purpose of giving a deeper understanding to the era’s stylistic choices.

Sturgis, Russell. A Dictionary of Architecture and Building, Biographical, Historical, and Descriptive. New York: The Macmillan Co, 1901.  3 vols. [NA31 .S935 FAL]

Excellent statement of Eclecticism from the viewpoint of the time period that actually was producing it, and is not affected by Modernist dogma.  It is also a dictionary of all terms architectural, which is helpful for looking up terms in general during the research process.  In three volumes, alphabetically structured with line drawing illustrations.

Turner, Jane. The Dictionary of Art. New York: Grove, 1996. 34 vols.  [N31 .D5 1996 FAL and WELLS REF]

This dictionary had an extensive article on Eclecticism.  It treated architecture mostly, but was not limited to American Eclecticism, rather from a more European perspective.  It was signed by a scholar, and also gave a list of intra-reference topics and a bibliography.  An excellent starting point.

Van Vynckt, Randall J. International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture. Detroit: St. James Press, 1993. 2 vols [NA40 .I48 1993 FAL]

Gives important buildings first by geographical location, then by city, all chronological and stylistic information known about the building, a brief synopsis of its significance, and a list of publications that are about it or mention it.  Architects are given a similar treatment except listed alphabetically, with photographs of their work.


Posted in Books on June 17, 2009 by Emilee Mathews
Frank Furness.  Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts /: Ext.: view Facade, 1871-1876, Philadelphia (Pa.).

Frank Furness. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Ext.: view Facade, 1871-1876, Philadelphia (Pa.).|search|1|frank20furness|Multiple20Collection20Search|||type3D3126kw3Dfrank20furness26id3Dall26name3D (Accessed June 17, 2009)


Andrews, Wayne. Architecture, Ambition, and Americans: A Social History of American Architecture. New York: Free Press, 1978. [[NA705 .A5 1978  FAL]

Although somewhat outdated in its approach and treatment, the book still covers valuable material.  Arranged by style, then further subdivided by architect or firm, it covers the main impetus of the Eclectic movement (although not by name).  A good introduction to individual architects and their place in the movement in question.  

———. Architecture in America; A Photographic History from the Colonial Period to the Present. New York: Atheneum Publishers, 1960. [NA705 .A58  FAL]

Although lacking in gloss, this book provides many excellent photographs of extremely interesting American buildings.  The section on Revival and Eclectic styles is fascinating.  This book would be excellent for introductory purposes, to gain visual familiarity with the conglomeration of styles evoked by the Eclectic period.  It also features an index of places, buildings, and people.

Curl, James Stevens. Victorian Architecture: Diversity & Invention. Reading [England]: Spire Books Ltd, 2007. [ NA645 .C87 2007  FAL]

Curran, Kathleen. The Romanesque Revival: Religion, Politics, and Transnational Exchange. [Buildings, landscapes, and societies, 2]. University Park, Penn: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2003. [NA670 .C87 2003  FAL]

Foster, Janet W. The Queen Anne House: America’s Victorian Vernacular. New York: Abrams, 2006. [NA7207 .F67 2006  FAL]

A large book, lavishly illustrated with color photographs, this work is a must-have for the nineteenth-century architecture devotee.  It gives an extensive introduction to the period, including both exterior and interior tropes, then gives examples of houses listed by type, with extensive text and photographs devoted to each example.

Garrett, Wendell D., and David Larkin. Victorian America: Classical Romanticism to Gilded Opulence. New York: Rizzoli, 1993. [NA7207 .G37 1993  FAL]

This book covers a more extensive time period, but still focuses on America and the nineteenth century.  It subdivides the book’s content into wide geographical and ideological swathes, south, north and west.  It gives a thorough introduction to the book’s scope and purpose, and features beautiful color photographs of gorgeous buildings, interior and exterior.

Gelernter, Mark. A History of American Architecture: Buildings in Their Cultural and Technological Context. Hanover: University Press of New England, 1999. [NA705.G35 1999 FAL]

This history is particularly recommended as being succinct yet complete in its treatment of both architectural movements and historical and cultural context.  Also, Eclecticism is covered thoroughly and given a nice background analysis.  It also features a table of contents, glossary and index, and also a list of suggested further reading.

Greiff, Constance M. Early Victorian. Abbeville stylebooks. New York: Abbeville Press, 1995. [NA645.5.V5 G74 1995  FAL]

Although bordering on simplistic in its treatment of the epoch, this book also provides a very useful tool in contextualizing historically and culturally the varying visual productions of the day.  It also gives an overview of the predominant revival styles of the period, with a drawing labeled with the pertinent features that give the building its specific identity.

Hafertepe, Kenneth, and James F. O’Gorman. American Architects and Their Books, 1840-1915. Studies in print culture and the history of the book. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2007. [NA710 .A45 2007  FAL]

This is an interesting study, each chapter devoted to a different architect and their private libraries.  This would be an invaluable resource to a student who wanted to investigate possible influences on a particular architect who is discussed in the book.

Handlin, David P. American Architecture. World of Art. London: Thames and Hudson, 1985. [NA705.H35 1985  FAL]

This history doesn’t refer to Eclecticism by name, nor is it cross-listed in the index.  The relevant chapter is entitled “Toward New Types: Romanesque for an Industrial Society,” 100-131.  This discusses the historicist movement as being directly related to the influx of wealth and industrialism, and the nouveau riche’s need to declare their status through architecture.  The Ecole de Beaux Arts style and Richard Morris Hunt and McKim, Mead and White are mostly emphasized.  It is illustrated through photographs and drawings.

Hitchcock, Henry Russell. Architecture: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Pelican history of art, Z15. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1958. [NA645 .H55 1958b  FAL]

This book covers Western architecture of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, but devotes a surprising amount to the stylistic movements we are concerned with.  As such, it is valuable not only for the main focus of content, but also for its contextual resources.

Holliday, Kathryn E. Leopold Eidlitz: Architecture and Idealism in the Gilded Age. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, 2008. [NA737.E3295 H65 2008  FAL]

   As a main proponent of Eclectic and historical styles, Eidlitz has been for the most part ignored by the architectural canon who instead chose to praise those who can be directly linked to modern ideas, like Sullivan and Richardson.  In the most recent major monograph on the architect, Holliday argues for a sympathetic reading of the multiplicity of styles utilized by Eidlitz and his contemporaries, and gives a delightful bibliography that leads in the direction of other valuable sources for our project.

Hopkins, D. S. Late Victorian House Designs: 56 American Homes and Cottages with Floor Plans. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications, 2004.  [NA7207 .H66 2004  FAL]

True to its name, this book puts together period designs with rendering and floor plan, description of home, and potential modifications and estimated cost.  Excellent resource for social history-oriented studies.

Hunt, William Dudley. Encyclopedia of American Architecture. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980. [NA705 .H86  FAL]

Gives an excellent and thorough article on Eclecticism, with cross-referencing both within the encyclopedia and further readings independent of the encyclopedia.  It also provides pictures, architects related with the movement, and a nice summary of the stylistic factors with related terms and synonyms.  All in all an excellent reference work for our topic.

Kimball, Fiske. American Architecture. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1928. [NA705 .K4  FAL]

The chapter which especially interests us is “Romanticism and the Gothic,” which provides an excellent contextualization of Romantic architecture within Classical impulses.  “A Confusion of Tongues,” although somewhat disparagingly termed, gives a succinct overview of Eclecticism in general and some key buildings that epitomize it.  An excellent starting point for those who need a building to focus on or compare, or alternately need to contextualize within the movement.  Also illustrated with black and white photographs, and a table of contents and index is provided.

Lewis, Arnold. American Victorian Architecture: A Survey of the 70’s and 80’s in Contemporary Photographs. New York: Dover Publications, 1975. [NA710 .A5 1975  FAL]

This book provides an introduction which sets the Victorian architectural epoch in context, then devotes the rest of its pages to large black and white photographs of representative buildings.  At the end it gives notes to the plates, listing name, architect, location, dates, a brief synopsis of its history, and any publication that’s been written on it.

Maass, John. The Victorian Home in America. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1972. [NA710 .M132  FAL]

This book overviews the Victoria era of building in America, with its chapters divided by questions of style and area of origin.  It features a great deal of text and also black and white photographs of representative buildings, exterior, interior and details of ornamentation.  It also has several appendices, which give prevalent Victorian buildings by state and city, and also a list of organizations devoted to the subject.  It also has a bibliography listed by region, and index.

Pierson, William H., and William H. Jordy. American Buildings and Their Architects. Vol. 2, Technology and the Picturesque : the Corporate and the Early Gothic Styles. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1986. [NA 705.P5 1986 v. 2. FAL]

Volume 2 in a four part series, this section is exclusively written on American architecture and its historicizing elements of the nineteenth century, especially regarding the rise of the Gothic and also of the industrialization of America, a key juxtaposition of facts that creates a great deal of contextual meaning.  Also liberally illustrated throughout with black and white photographs of key buildings, the text itself is quite scholarly in its discussion, and for the average student should be consulted for individual buildings rather than browsed through.

Roth, Leland M. A Concise History of American Architecture. New York: Harper & Row, 1979. [NA705 .R67 1979  FAL]

This history divides epochs into small chunks of twenty to forty years, with allusive titles rather than predominant styles.  Our topic falls under “The Age of Enterprise: 1865-1885” (126-171) and “Urbanism and the Search for Order: 1885-1915 (172-227).  It is illustrated throughout with black and white photos of representative buildings.  Provides a detailed and technical discussion of highlights of American architecture, but rather dense for the neophyte. 

Roth, Leland M., and Bret Morgan. Shingle Styles: Innovation and Tradition in American Architecture 1874 to 1982. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1999. [NA7207 .R68 1999   FAL]

This book features an extensive introduction to the Shingle Style and its historical context, then goes through a number of examples chronologically, starting in 1874 and ending in 1982.  It features beautiful color photographs, both interior and exterior.

Scully, Vincent Joseph. The Shingle Style and the Stick Style: Architectural Theory and Design from Richardson to the Origins of Wright. Yale historical publications : History of art, 20. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971. [ NA7207 .S43 1974  FAL]

Taking the shingle and stick style as its main focus, this book overviews the main stylistic purviews, with historical context and main proponents, also covering theory and design.  All in all an invaluable reference for the kind of work this pathfinder hopes to uncover.

Whiffen, Marcus, and Frederick Koeper. American Architecture, 1607-1976. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1981. [NA705 .W473  FAL]

This historical survey is divided into two parts, the first bridging 1607 to 1869, written by Marcus Whiffen, and the second from 1860-1976 by Frederick Koeper.  The second part of the book is the section of interest to our inquiry.  The discussion is scholarly and gives a good synopsis of extra-American sets of influences and their path to the U.S.  Does not include Eclecticism in the index, but does give its synonyms.

White, Samuel G. The Houses of McKim, Mead & White. New York: Rizzoli, 1998. [NA7207 .W55 1998  FAL]

As one of the most prolific architectural firms of the nineteenth century, and one of the most influential, this book is not only about their domestic architecture but about the influence of domestic architecture in general.  However, their patrons were quite rich, so this book is not representative of typical building practices.  That being said, it is lavishly illustrated and richly annotated, and provides an extensive visual education in the varying styles of the Victorian era.

Yarnall, James L. Newport Through Its Architecture: A History of Styles from Postmedieval to Postmodern. Newport, R.I.: Salve Regina University Press in association with University Press of New England, Hanover and London, 2005. [NA735.N54 Y37 2005  FAL]

This approach shows the more realistic idea that architectural styles are multitudinous and prevalent throughout a given city or region.  It covers prevailing architectural styles through Newport, Rhode Island, which was a locus of money and architectural building for much of the nineteenth century and into the twentieth.  The book features chapters divided by style, then by example with photographs.  The end also gives an index of buildings listed alphabetically by architect, and also gives an excellent bibliography.


Posted in Indexes and Abstracts on June 17, 2009 by Emilee Mathews
Goodhue, Bertram Grosvenor, 1869-1924.  San Diego: Balboa Park: California Building (Museum of Man): Ext.: facade Panama-California Exposition, 1915.

Goodhue, Bertram Grosvenor, 1869-1924. San Diego: Balboa Park: California Building (Museum of Man): Ext.: facade Panama-California Exposition, 1915.|search|1|panama2Dcalifornia20exposition|Multiple20Collection20Search|||type3D3126kw3Dpanama2Dcalifornia20exposition26id3Dall26name3D (Accessed June 17, 2009)


America: History and Life.

Vender: EBSCO.  Coverage: 1964-present.  Updated continuously.  ‘


This database is quite excellent for the topic at hand, providing a wealth of articles regarding the field from a broad range of scholarly perspectives.  Surprisingly, given the wide genre of disciplines represented, the results were quite topical.


Vendor: Images for Academic Publishing (IAP).  Updated weekly.


ARTstor is a wonderful resource for images, having over  700,000 to access.  The site is proprietary, however, so only represents the holdings of the collections who have joined.

Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals.

Vendor: Research Libraries Group, Inc. Coverage: 1930’s-present.  Updated weekly. 


This indexes around 2500 different types of periodicals, mostly architecture-related.  Very useful for architectural history articles.

Grove Dictionary of Art.

Published by Grove’s Dictionaries, Inc.  Updated continuously. 


This is a great online encyclopedic source, both for more general topics and for specific architects.  Each article is written by a scholar in the field and provides a helpful and up-to-date bibliography, as well as cross-references within the dictionary.

Project Muse.

Vendor: The Johns Hopkins University Press.  Coverage: 1995-onward.  Updated with upon publication of new journals.


This source is very interdisciplinary, and links to pertainent sources outside of architectural history, such as social history and American studies.  This index is better for more recent articles.